This is the agora (market place) of the Ionian city-state of Smyrna, the northernmost of all the Ionian cities. It was originally an Aeolian city, but gradually converted to being Ionian, and joining the Ionic League. It had an excellent harbor protected by an enclosed bay. In the early 1920’s, the forces of the Turkish Revolution drove out the Greek descendants, and renamed the city Izmir. Although the Turks did not invade the Anatolian peninsula until 100’s of years after the Ionian/Aeolian cultures died, the Turkish government and people are very serious about preserving all aspects of all ancient civilizations in current-day Turkey, to include the ruins of the Assyrians, Hittites, Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines.